Heel pain is a very common problem that is easily treatable given the right combination of expertly-trained physicians and a wide variety of state-of-the-art treatment options. Heel pain can affect people of all ages, body types, and activity levels.
Here are some of the most common causes of heel pain:
Plantar Fasciitis (Heel Spur)
Plantar Fasciitis is one of the most common causes of heel pain. It is an inflammation of the connective tissue, called the plantar fascia, which originates at the heel, travels across the arches, and inserts into the base of the toes.
Achilles Tendonitis (tendinitis) is the most common cause of heel pain in the back of the ankle. It is a very common cause of “weekend warrior” type athletic injuries. Common symptoms include pain with the first steps out of bed in the morning, pain going up and down the stairs, pain with prolonged walking, and standing.
Tight Calf Muscles
The bottom of the calf muscle forms part of the Achilles tendon which attaches on the bone at the back of your foot. When you walk, the gastrocnemius muscle contracts and lifts your heel off the ground which moves you forward. For many of us, this muscle is short or tight which can lead to problems including flat feet, bunions, plantar fasciitis (heel pain) and Achilles tendon inflammation, tendonitis, and even Achilles tendon rupture.
Flat Feet (Overpronation)
Often referred to as flat feet, overpronation is a condition where the arch collapses when walking and begins to affect the tendons and joints over time. Typical pain is in the morning, after long activity, or after long bouts of standing. The pain experienced by flat feet includes pain under and on inside of the ankle and heel.
Thin Fat Pad
As people age, the padding in heel can thin out. Other causes of a thin fat pad include repetitive steroid shots, injuries, and high or low arched feet that move the fat pad out of position.
Heel Pain in Kids
The most common cause of heel pain in children is Sever's disease. It is a painful bone disorder that results from the inflammation of the growth plate in the heel. Heel pain in children can also be caused by pediatric flatfoot, growth plate injuries, and growing pains.